The annual exclusion from gift tax has increased to $14,000 per gift recipient. The gift recipient can be any individual, not just family. And you can make gifts to an unlimited number of people. You are just limited to $14,000 for each one in order to avoid gift taxes.
The foreign earned income exclusion is now $97,600. This means that you can shelter up to $97,600 of income earned while working in another country from US taxable income.
The maximum wage used to calculate Social Security tax is now $113,700.
The employee contribution limit has been raised to $17,500, up from $17,000 in 2012. The catch-up provision for those age 50 and older remains the same at $5,500. Which means an employee aged 55 can shelter up to $23,000 in his/her 401(k).
The above limits do not include company matching money. However, there is a limit as to the total amount of money – both employee contributions and employer contributions - that can be contributed to a 401(k). It is known as the 415 limit, and for 2013 that limit is $51,000. The 415 limit does not include the $5,500 catch-up.
Traditional and Roth IRAs
The contribution limits for IRAs have increased to $5,500. The catch-up provision limit remains at $1,000.
Contributions to traditional and Roth IRAs are subject to income phase out ranges. Income phase out ranges have been increased for both traditional and Roth IRAs.
For traditional IRAs, the income phase out range for deducting IRA contributions is $59,000 to $69,000 for single taxpayers, and $95,000 to $115,000 for joint filers. Above $69,000 and $115,000, respectively, you will not be able to deduct contributions from your taxable income.
For Roth IRAs, the income phase out ranges for contributions is $112,000 to $127,000 for single taxpayers and $178,000 to $188,000 for joint filers. Above $127,000 and $188,000, respectively, you will not be able to contribute to a Roth.
Long Term Care Premiums
You are able to take a deduction for premiums paid for long-term care insurance, subject to certain limits. These limits are defined by age. For those 40 and younger, that limit is $360. For those from ages 41 to 50, the limit is $680. For those between 51 and 60, the limit is $1360. Between 61 and 70, it’s $3640. For those over age 70, the limit is $4550.
A chart is included below for ease of reference:
Limit Category 2013 Limit
Annual gift exclusion $14,000
Foreign earned income exclusion $97,600
Wages subject to Social Security tax $113,700
Employee contributions $17,500
Catch-up (age 50 and over) $5,500
Defined Contribution Plan limit $51,000
Roth IRA Income Phase Out Range
Single taxpayer $112,000 to $127,000
Joint filers $178,000 to $188,000
For Deducting Contributions to Traditional IRAs
Single taxpayer $59,000 to $69,000
Joint filers $95,000 to $115,000
Deduction Limit for Long-term Care Premiums
Age 40 or under $360
Over 70 $4,550